Monthly Archives: October 2018

#Cambodge : 27ème commémoration des Accords de Paix de Paris sur le Cambodge

Le 23 Octobre 1991,

la France et l’Indonésie présidaient

la Conférence de Paix de Paris sur le Cambodge.

Un accord de paix a été signé par le Cambodge et

18 pays à Paris Avenue Kléber.

Liste des pays signataires :

L’Australie, le Brunei Darussalam, le Cambodge, le Canada, la République populaire de Chine, les Etats-Unis d’Amérique, la République française, la République de l’Inde, la République d’Indonésie, le Japon, la République démocratique populaire lao, la Malaisie, la République des Philippines, le Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d’Irlande du Nord, la République de Singapour, le Royaume de Thaïlande, l’Union des Républiques socialistes soviétiques et la République socialiste du Vietnam.

4 documents ont été ratifiés :

  1. 1 – Accord pour un règlement politique global du conflit du Cambodge (32 articles)

2 – Accord relatif à la souveraineté, l’indépendance, l’intégrité et l’inviolabilité territoriales, la neutralité et l’unité nationale du Cambodge (8 articles)

3 – Déclaration sur le relèvement et la reconstruction du Cambodge (13 clauses)

4 – Acte final de la Conférence de Paris sur le Cambodge (15 clauses)

 

Le Cambodge s’engage à :

  • Assurer le respect effectif des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales au Cambodge;

  • Soutenir le droit de tous les citoyens cambodgiens d’entreprendre des activités visant à promouvoir et protéger les droits de l’homme et les libertés fondamentales ;

  • Prendre des mesures efficaces pour assurer que ne soit jamais permis un retour à la politique et aux pratiques du passé;

  • Adhérer aux instruments internationaux pertinents relatifs aux droits de l’homme;

Les autres Parties au présent Accord s’engagent à :

Promouvoir et encourager au Cambodge le respect et l’exercice des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales formulés par les instruments internationaux pertinents, en vue, en particulier, d’empêcher que de nouvelles atteintes aux droits de l’homme se produisent.

La Commission des droits de l’homme des Nations Unies devrait continuer à surveiller étroitement la situation des droits de l’homme au Cambodge, y compris en désignant si nécessaire un rapporteur spécial qui ferait un rapport annuel à la Commission et à l’Assemblée générale.

 

Tenue d’élections libres et équitables

Ces accords prévoient un processus permanent de réconciliation nationale et un rôle accru pour l’Organisation des Nations Unies, permettant ainsi au peuple cambodgien de déterminer son propre avenir politique par le moyen d’élections libres et équitables.

 

#cambodge : 25ème commémoration des accords de paix de Paris

 

Why the West was doomed to fail in Cambodia

 

23 Oct 2018

27ème commémoration des Accords de Paix de Paris sur le #Cambodge : Manifestation et Séminaire

27ème commémoration des Accords

de Paix de Paris sur le Cambodge :

Manifestation et Séminaire

27ème commémoration des accords de paix de Paris kh

 

20 Oct 2018

#Cambodge #UE : Ce qu’a dit Mme Federica Mogherini à HUN Sen

La route vers

les inévitables sanctions économiques 

européennes contre le Régime de HUN Sen !

High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini holds bilateral meetings in the margins of the ASEM Summit

 

High Representative Mogherini met Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen in order to address the deterioration of democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law. She underlined the need for the Cambodian government to reverse the current negative political trend and work towards an inclusive solution, especially important in the Everything But Arms context. She assured the Prime Minister of the European Union’s commitment and willingness to engage positively in support of a democratic and stable Cambodia, for the benefit of the Cambodian people.

 

EU, Cambodia talks fail to end trade sanction threat -Mogherini

BRUSSELS, Oct 19 (Reuters) – Cambodia failed on Friday to reassure the European Union it will address democratic and human right issues that have put its trade preferences with the bloc at risk, EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said after a summit with Asian leaders.

Mogherini held talks with Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen in Brussels during the summit, but said she did not hear anything that would avoid trade sanctions threatened by the European Union.

“We discussed this, I cannot say that we found solutions to any of these issues,” Mogherini told a news conference. 

19 Oct 2018

EU plays hardball with Cambodian hardman : un article à lire absolument !

EU officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, said Europe is already drafting the legislation needed to take away Cambodia’s duty-free trading privileges under the Everything But Arms program. A decision to withdraw Cambodia’s EBA status could be just months away and would not need any approval from member countries, they said.

We are approaching the end of the road with Cambodia when it comes to triggering the withdrawal procedure,” said an EU diplomat briefed on the matter. “If not, in the coming weeks the formal process will start. This is not an empty threat or us barking a bit louder.

EU plays hardball with Cambodian hardman

19 Oct 2018

អតីតបក្ស​ប្រឆាំងគ្រោង​​ធ្វើ​សន្និសីទពិភពលោក​​រៀបចំយុទ្ធសាស្រ្ត​ថ្មី

19 Oct 2018

Manifestation de la Communauté cambodgienne en Europe contre la présence de HUN Sen à Bruxelles

11 Oct 2018

#Cambodge #UE vient de déclencher la procédure de retrait des préférences #EBA dont a bénéficié le Régime de HUN Sen

រូបឯកសារ៖ លោកស្រី​ Cecilia Malmstrom ​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ពាណិជ្ជកម្ម​របស់​សហភាព​អឺរ៉ុប​ថ្លែង​ក្នុង​សន្និសីទកាសែត​នៅទីក្រុងប្រ៊ុចសែល ប្រទេសបែលហ្សិក កាលពីថ្ងៃទី៧ ខែមីនា ឆ្នាំ២០១៨។​ (រូបថត Reuters)

I’m in beautiful Innsbruck, Austria, where we have had an informal Ministerial meeting today. The way forward as regards the much-needed reform of the World Trade Organisation was high on our agenda, as was our trade relationship with the United States.

But on a different topic, one that was mentioned at the press conference here today but worth outlining a bit more in detail – the EU’s response to the human rights situation in Myanmar and Cambodia, respectively.

In Myanmar, we have seen a deeply worrying and worsening situation for the Rohingya minority. A recent report from a United Nations fact-finding mission calls for the prosecution of top military leaders for genocide and crimes against humanity. The report describes indiscriminate killings, widespread rape by the military, assaulting of children, and the burning down of entire villages. The country’s leadership has repeatedly disregarded calls from the EU and the international community to put a stop to this.

In Cambodia, meanwhile, we are seeing very troubling developments with a clear deterioration of human rights and labour rights, without convincing improvements in sight. Our recent EU mission to the country demonstrated serious and systemic violations of, for instance, freedom of expression, labour rights and freedom of association. This comes on top of longstanding issues as regards workers’ rights and land-grabbing.

Both Cambodia and Myanmar benefit from the Everything But Arms arrangement, or EBA, which guarantees completely tariff-free access to the European market for all exports except for weapons and ammunition. However, this access is not without conditions. It comes with a responsibility to uphold and respect the values enshrined in 15 fundamental conventions of the United Nations and the International Labour Organisation.

As I have underlined many times as Commissioner for Trade, our EU trade policy must be led by our values. Accordingly, when we are faced with blatant disregard for those values, the EU must act.

Therefore, the European Commission and the European External Action Service will notify the Myanmar authorities of our intention to send an emergency, high-level EU mission to the country in the coming days to assess the situation on the ground. This high-level mission is within the framework of a potential withdrawal of Myanmar from the Everything But Arms arrangement. There is a clear possibility that a withdrawal could be the outcome.

With Cambodia, we are a step further in the process. Many of the issues here date back several years, and in some cases the country has gone backwards. The elections in July of this year – coming after our EU mission to the country – were marked by harassment and intimidation, as well as severe restrictions when it comes to essential political rights. Today, High Representative Federica Mogherini and I have therefore notified Cambodia that we are launching the process for the withdrawal of their Everything But Arms preferences. Without clear and evident improvements on the ground, this will lead to the suspending of the trade preferences that they currently enjoy.

Needless to say, we will keep our channels of dialogue with both countries open. There will be space for negotiation and dialogue with both countries throughout this process, and we will also keep EU Member States informed of the next steps.

We are not yet at the cliff edge and there is still time for Cambodia and Myanmar to draw themselves back from the brink. However, the consequences of the course that these countries are on are now clearly in sight.

 

សហភាព​អឺរ៉ុប​​ដំណើរការ​ដាក់​ទណ្ឌកម្ម​ពាណិជ្ជកម្ម​លើ​កម្ពុជា

 

EU to hit Cambodia with trade sanctions, says Myanmar may follow

 

Cambodia to Lose Preferential Trade Status With EU Amid Worsening Rights Record

06 Oct 2018