#Cambodge : Le 29 Juillet 2018 : HUN Sen enterre la Démocratie et impose sa Dictature
Le 29 Juillet 2018,
HUN Sen enterre la Démocratie éphémère instaurée par la communauté internationale il y a bientôt 27 ans (avec la signature des accords de Paix de Paris du 23 Octobre 1991) et impose sa Dictature en organisant les élections pour la 6ème législature sans le principal parti d’Opposition, le CNRP !
Pour l’heure, les Etats-Unis, le Canada, l’Union Européenne et l’Australie ont condamné la tenue de ces élections qualifiées de truquées, lesquelles ne reflétant pas les vœux du Peuple cambodgien.
EU : Statement by the Spokesperson on the general elections in Cambodia
The 29 July general election in Cambodia took place in a highly restrictive political climate. Over the past year, the Cambodian authorities have used the country’s judicial system and other forms of pressure to restrict the space for political opposition, for criticism and dissent, including by civil society. This culminated in the enforced dissolution of the main opposition party, the Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), the arrest and prolonged detention of the CNRP’s leader, Kem Sokha, and the banning from political activity for five years of 118 senior CNRP members. Free and independent media have been severely restricted.
In its Conclusions of 26 February 2018, the EU Foreign Affairs Council underlined that an electoral process from which the main opposition party has been arbitrarily excluded is not legitimate.
In this context, the EU had declined to observe the 29 July election and suspended its financial assistance to the Cambodian National Election Committee.
The lack of genuine electoral competition and the absence of an inclusive political process mean that the 29 July election is not representative of the democratic will of the Cambodian electorate, and therefore its outcome lacks credibility.
The European Union expects the Cambodian authorities to restore democracy, to engage in dialogue with the opposition, and to create conditions conducive to free political debate and competition, in which the media and civil society, including human rights and labour rights defenders, can freely exercise their rights without undue restrictions. The EU stands ready to actively contribute to this endeavour.
White House Press Release on Cambodia’s Flawed Parlementary Elections
សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកថ្កោលទោសការបោះឆ្នោត «មិនសេរីឬយុត្តិធម៌» ហើយព្រមានរឹតបន្តឹងទិដ្ឋាការបន្ថែម
UK : Minister for Asia & the Pacific statement on Cambodia’s election
Statement by Minister for Asia and the Pacific Mark Field following the election in Cambodia.
Minister for Asia and the Pacific Mark Field said:
The Cambodian national election was undermined by the authorities well before campaigning started and resulted in an election that was neither fair nor credible.
The potential for a legitimate, free and fair election was stymied when the main opposition party – the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), was dissolved in November 2017. This was particularly disappointing following the more open Commune elections in June 2017.
The Cambodian authorities have demonstrated clear disregard for the key tenets of a functioning multi-party democracy. As well as the dissolution of the CNRP, examples include the imprisonment of CNRP President Kem Sokha, the banning of 118 CNRP members from politics for five years, and a crackdown on independent media.
There was no credible opposition party with the opportunity to challenge the Government. In a democracy, no government has the right to choose its opposition.
The UK will continue to urge the Cambodian Government to demonstrate its commitment to its citizens by lifting restrictions on political debate and media freedom and by creating the conditions for proper functioning democracy.
Germany : Statement by the Federal Foreign Office on the elections in Cambodia
The German Government has noted that the parliamentary elections in Cambodia were conducted peacefully.
However, that alone is not enough to lend the election results legitimacy, as the elections were preceded by the arrest of the leader of the largest opposition party in September 2017, the dissolving of the opposition party in November 2017 and a ban on 118 leading opposition politicians from engaging in political activity.
The German Government urgently calls on Cambodia to return to the democratic principles enshrined in the constitution and the Paris Peace Accords and is willing to support the country on its path to this.
Foreign Minister Winston Peters has expressed New Zealand’s concern over Cambodia’s general elections in which the main opposition party was excluded.
“For Cambodia to have legitimate democracy it is essential that opposition voices can be heard. New Zealand calls on Prime Minister Hun Sen to reinstate the main opposition party and release all political prisoners, including opposition leader Kem Sokha,” Mr Peters said.
In the lead up to the elections, Cambodia’s Supreme Court dissolved the main opposition party, the Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), and its leader Kem Sokha was imprisoned. Without the main opposition party participating, the election resulted in a landslide victory for the governing party.
“New Zealand is a long-standing partner of Cambodia and has invested considerable effort in supporting Cambodia’s UN-supervised transition to democracy in the early 1990s.
“We stand ready to work with Cambodian partners to restore its democratic institutions and processes to allow free and fair elections to be held,” he said.
Communiqué du Quai d’Orsay
Elections législatives au Cambodge (29 juillet 2018)
La France regrette que les élections législatives cambodgiennes se soient déroulées en l’absence du principal parti d’opposition (parti du salut national), dissous le 16 novembre 2017, tandis que son président, Kem Sokha, est incarcéré depuis le 3 septembre.
Ces élections se sont tenues dans un climat qui n’a pas permis à l’opposition, aux médias et à la société civile de fonctionner sans entrave.
Nous appelons à la libération de Kem Sokha et à la levée de l’interdiction faite à 118 membres du parti du salut national de mener pendant cinq ans des activités politiques.
Nous exhortons les autorités cambodgiennes à respecter les droits fondamentaux permettant de garantir un processus démocratique crédible.
Les échos de la Presse
This is by far the worst, least democratic election in the post-UNTAC (United Nations peacekeeping operation in Cambodia) period, because the main opposition party was barred from participating,” Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director of Human Rights Watch (HRW), told DW. “This election is looking more like the Soviet-style elections of yesteryear than a genuine democratic contest,”
#CambodiaElection2018 : Les élections générales du 29 Juillet 2018 ne seront qu’une FARCE ! Communiqué du CNRP