Le principal parti d’opposition a été dissous et son dirigeant emprisonné avant les élections générales de juillet dernier, où le régime de Hun Sen a raflé tous les sièges au Parlement, faisant du Cambodge un pays au parti unique.
Et le Cambodge est prêt à accepter de payer les taxes induites par ce retrait :
“We are ready for the tax increase,”Phay Siphan, government spokesman.
George Edgar, EU ambassador, said in an email on Tuesday that starting the procedure for removing Cambodia from the Everything But Arms (EBA) scheme reflected the concerns in Brussels over the deterioration of human rights and basic freedoms.
“The formal withdrawal procedure for the Everything But Arms arrangement in relation to Cambodia has not yet launched. Preparations are being made for the formal decision by the European Commission that would launch the procedure,” he wrote in an email.
I’m in beautiful Innsbruck, Austria, where we have had an informal Ministerial meeting today. The way forward as regards the much-needed reform of the World Trade Organisation was high on our agenda, as was our trade relationship with the United States.
But on a different topic, one that was mentioned at the press conference here today but worth outlining a bit more in detail – the EU’s response to the human rights situation in Myanmar and Cambodia, respectively.
In Myanmar, we have seen a deeply worrying and worsening situation for the Rohingya minority. A recent report from a United Nations fact-finding mission calls for the prosecution of top military leaders for genocide and crimes against humanity. The report describes indiscriminate killings, widespread rape by the military, assaulting of children, and the burning down of entire villages. The country’s leadership has repeatedly disregarded calls from the EU and the international community to put a stop to this.
In Cambodia, meanwhile, we are seeing very troubling developments with a clear deterioration of human rights and labour rights, without convincing improvements in sight. Our recent EU mission to the country demonstrated serious and systemic violations of, for instance, freedom of expression, labour rights and freedom of association. This comes on top of longstanding issues as regards workers’ rights and land-grabbing.
Both Cambodia and Myanmar benefit from the Everything But Arms arrangement, or EBA, which guarantees completely tariff-free access to the European market for all exports except for weapons and ammunition. However, this access is not without conditions. It comes with a responsibility to uphold and respect the values enshrined in 15 fundamental conventions of the United Nations and the International Labour Organisation.
As I have underlined many times as Commissioner for Trade, our EU trade policy must be led by our values. Accordingly, when we are faced with blatant disregard for those values, the EU must act.
Therefore, the European Commission and the European External Action Service will notify the Myanmar authorities of our intention to send an emergency, high-level EU mission to the country in the coming days to assess the situation on the ground. This high-level mission is within the framework of a potential withdrawal of Myanmar from the Everything But Arms arrangement. There is a clear possibility that a withdrawal could be the outcome.
With Cambodia, we are a step further in the process. Many of the issues here date back several years, and in some cases the country has gone backwards. The elections in July of this year – coming after our EU mission to the country – were marked by harassment and intimidation, as well as severe restrictions when it comes to essential political rights. Today, High Representative Federica Mogherini and I have therefore notified Cambodia that we are launching the process for the withdrawal of their Everything But Arms preferences. Without clear and evident improvements on the ground, this will lead to the suspending of the trade preferences that they currently enjoy.
Needless to say, we will keep our channels of dialogue with both countries open. There will be space for negotiation and dialogue with both countries throughout this process, and we will also keep EU Member States informed of the next steps.
We are not yet at the cliff edge and there is still time for Cambodia and Myanmar to draw themselves back from the brink. However, the consequences of the course that these countries are on are now clearly in sight.
HUN Sen enterre la Démocratie éphémère instaurée par la communauté internationale il y a bientôt 27 ans (avec la signature des accords de Paix de Paris du 23 Octobre 1991) et impose sa Dictature en organisant les élections pour la 6ème législature sans le principal parti d’Opposition, le CNRP !
Pour l’heure, les Etats-Unis, le Canada, l’Union Européenne et l’Australie ont condamné la tenue de ces élections qualifiées de truquées, lesquelles ne reflétant pas les vœux du Peuple cambodgien.
EU : Statement by the Spokesperson on the general elections in Cambodia
The 29 July general election in Cambodia took place in a highly restrictive political climate. Over the past year, the Cambodian authorities have used the country’s judicial system and other forms of pressure to restrict the space for political opposition, for criticism and dissent, including by civil society. This culminated in the enforced dissolution of the main opposition party, the Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), the arrest and prolonged detention of the CNRP’s leader, Kem Sokha, and the banning from political activity for five years of 118 senior CNRP members. Free and independent media have been severely restricted.
In its Conclusions of 26 February 2018, the EU Foreign Affairs Council underlined that an electoral process from which the main opposition party has been arbitrarily excluded is not legitimate.
In this context, the EU had declined to observe the 29 July election and suspended its financial assistance to the Cambodian National Election Committee.
The lack of genuine electoral competition and the absence of an inclusive political process mean that the 29 July election is not representative of the democratic will of the Cambodian electorate, and therefore its outcome lacks credibility.
The European Union expects the Cambodian authorities to restore democracy, to engage in dialogue with the opposition, and to create conditions conducive to free political debate and competition, in which the media and civil society, including human rights and labour rights defenders, can freely exercise their rights without undue restrictions. The EU stands ready to actively contribute to this endeavour.
White House Press Release on Cambodia’s Flawed Parlementary Elections
UK : Minister for Asia & the Pacific statement on Cambodia’s election
Statement by Minister for Asia and the Pacific Mark Field following the election in Cambodia.
Minister for Asia and the Pacific Mark Field said:
The Cambodian national election was undermined by the authorities well before campaigning started and resulted in an election that was neither fair nor credible.
The potential for a legitimate, free and fair election was stymied when the main opposition party – the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), was dissolved in November 2017. This was particularly disappointing following the more open Commune elections in June 2017.
The Cambodian authorities have demonstrated clear disregard for the key tenets of a functioning multi-party democracy. As well as the dissolution of the CNRP, examples include the imprisonment of CNRP President Kem Sokha, the banning of 118 CNRP members from politics for five years, and a crackdown on independent media.
There was no credible opposition party with the opportunity to challenge the Government. In a democracy, no government has the right to choose its opposition.
The UK will continue to urge the Cambodian Government to demonstrate its commitment to its citizens by lifting restrictions on political debate and media freedom and by creating the conditions for proper functioning democracy.
Germany : Statement by the Federal Foreign Office on the elections in Cambodia
The German Government has noted that the parliamentary elections in Cambodia were conducted peacefully.
However, that alone is not enough to lend the election results legitimacy, as the elections were preceded by the arrest of the leader of the largest opposition party in September 2017, the dissolving of the opposition party in November 2017 and a ban on 118 leading opposition politicians from engaging in political activity.
The German Government urgently calls on Cambodia to return to the democratic principles enshrined in the constitution and the Paris Peace Accords and is willing to support the country on its path to this.
Foreign Minister Winston Peters has expressed New Zealand’s concern over Cambodia’s general elections in which the main opposition party was excluded.
“For Cambodia to have legitimate democracy it is essential that opposition voices can be heard. New Zealand calls on Prime Minister Hun Sen to reinstate the main opposition party and release all political prisoners, including opposition leader Kem Sokha,” Mr Peters said.
In the lead up to the elections, Cambodia’s Supreme Court dissolved the main opposition party, the Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), and its leader Kem Sokha was imprisoned. Without the main opposition party participating, the election resulted in a landslide victory for the governing party.
“New Zealand is a long-standing partner of Cambodia and has invested considerable effort in supporting Cambodia’s UN-supervised transition to democracy in the early 1990s.
“We stand ready to work with Cambodian partners to restore its democratic institutions and processes to allow free and fair elections to be held,” he said.
Communiqué du Quai d’Orsay
Elections législatives au Cambodge (29 juillet 2018)
La France regrette que les élections législatives cambodgiennes se soient déroulées en l’absence du principal parti d’opposition (parti du salut national), dissous le 16 novembre 2017, tandis que son président, Kem Sokha, est incarcéré depuis le 3 septembre.
Ces élections se sont tenues dans un climat qui n’a pas permis à l’opposition, aux médias et à la société civile de fonctionner sans entrave.
Nous appelons à la libération de Kem Sokha et à la levée de l’interdiction faite à 118 membres du parti du salut national de mener pendant cinq ans des activités politiques.
Nous exhortons les autorités cambodgiennes à respecter les droits fondamentaux permettant de garantir un processus démocratique crédible.
This is by far the worst, least democratic election in the post-UNTAC (United Nations peacekeeping operation in Cambodia) period, because the main opposition party was barred from participating,” Phil Robertson, deputy Asia director of Human Rights Watch (HRW), told DW. “This election is looking more like the Soviet-style elections of yesteryear than a genuine democratic contest,”
“To ensure a genuine multi-party democracy in Cambodia which respects its citizens’ participation rights, the Government must immediately release detained opposition leaders and lift a ban on the opposition taking part in the July 29 general election”.
“Those who currently rule the country have one final opportunity to reverse the current trajectory, and return instead to the constitutional path of multi-party democracy and genuine elections – ensuring a level playing field for all political parties”.
“All Cambodians have a right to openly debate and discuss political affairs; the media must be allowed to scrutinise and criticise, as well as inform the public; and civil society, including NGOs, should be encouraged to play an active role in State affairs,”.
“A liberal multi-party democracy is an essential, entrenched and non-amendable feature of the Constitution of Cambodia.”
Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmström said:“The EU is proud to provide the most economically vulnerable countries of the world with free access to our market. The Everything But Arms initiative has had a significant impact on development and poverty eradication in Cambodia. Nevertheless, the recent worrying developments in the country have called for a closer assessment of whether Cambodia is fulfilling its commitments. The discussions and information gathering during our EU mission have focused on the serious decline in the area of political and electoral rights, as well as a curbing of civil society activities. There are also deficiencies when it comes to land dispute resolution mechanisms, and serious threats to freedom of association and collective bargaining rights. In the trade policy of the European Union, social justice is a vital aspect, including the respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and labour standards. Following the fact-finding mission, we will now analyse the facts in detail, and consider further steps.Removing Cambodia from the trade scheme is a measure of last resort, if all our other efforts have failed to address these concerns.”
Le 14 Mai 2018 était le dernier jour permettant aux partis politiques de s’inscrire aux élections générales du 29 Juillet 2018. Le CNRP, le plus grand parti d’opposition au Cambodge, dissout illégalement par HUN Sen l’année dernière, ne pourra donc pas se présenter devant le Peuple cambodgien à ces élections.
Ci-dessous le Communiqué du CNRP traduit succinctement par Cambodge Info :
1 – Le CNRP condamne les mesures prises par le gouvernement de Mr HUN Sen et de la Commission Nationale des Elections qui privent le Peuple cambodgien de son choix à travers l’interdiction au CNRP de se présenter aux prochaines élections. Par conséquent ces élections ne sont qu’une farce qui ne reflète pas la volonté du Peuple cambodgien, mais plutôt la mise à mort de la démocratie au Cambodge.
2 – Le CNRP appelle le Peuple du Cambodge à boycotter ces élections en ne se rendant pas aux urnes le jour des élections. Il est tout à fait légal de ne pas voter. Ne pas voter dans ces circonstances est un geste qui exprime le soutien au parti CNRP alors qu’on souhaiterait le voir diriger le pays.
En parallèle, le CNRP demande au Japon de couper son aide à la Commission Nationale des Elections dont l’obligation d’indépendance et d’impartialité n’a pas été respectée. Dans cette situation la CNE ne peut plus assumer l’organisation des élections libres, équitables et justes comme elle le devrait.
“Hun Sen has used violence, threats, and sham prosecutions to attack the peaceful opposition. In 2017, the regime-controlled Parliament and Supreme Court dismantled the Cambodia National Rescue Party and banned its elected officials from office, eliminating the country’s only viable opposition party.
Le 10 Mai 2018, date historique en Malaisie et en Asie du Sud-Est : le désaveu populaire qui a fait sauter la dictature de Najib après celle de la Junte Birmane le 8 Novembre 2015. Les Peuples de l’Asie du Sud-Est aspirent à la Démocratie !
Najib et sa femme ne sont pas autorisés à quitter le pays.
Devant sénateurs affiliés à HUN Sen, N. Sihamoni utilise des vocables vidés de leur sens : sur fond de crise politique très grave où la Constitution est piétinée, la Démocratie anéantie, les Droits de l’Homme sont bafoués et la Justice utilisée par la dictature HunSennienne pour réprimer l’Opposition.
Norodom Sihamoni aurait dû prononcer cet appel devant le Parlement face à HUN Sen contrairement au Sénat qui n’a qu’un rôle d’entérinement des lois.
Pourquoi ce geste inutile?
En tant que Roi, Norodom Sihamoni a des prérogatives qui lui sont attribuées par la Constitution.
mis au pouvoir par le Vietnam depuis des décennies,
est-il en train d’être poussé vers la sortie par ce dernier ?
En cause sa politique envers les migrants vietnamiens
installés au Cambodge et
son franc rapprochement avec la Chine
au détriment des intérêts vietnamiens,
particulièrement en Mer de Chine du Sud.
Un haut responsable vietnamien a carrément dit que HUN Sen doit partir et fait remarquer qu’il est au pouvoir depuis trop longtemps.
De plus, son parti, le CPP, est divisé sur les tactiques adoptées par HUN Sen pour écarter le Parti d’opposition, le CNRP, avec ses amendements de la Loi sur les Partis Politiques. Les Etats-Unis et l’Union Européenne ont condamné à plusieurs reprises la dissolution par la force du Parti d’Opposition et l’incarcération de son Président Mr. KEM Sokha et demandent la réintégration de ses élus Communaux et Nationaux.
Détesté par le Peuple cambodgien, lâché par les siens et ses protecteurs historiques, combien de temps HUN Sen pourra-t-il encore tenir ?
Quand la Chine sera t-elle consciente que le Régime de HUN Sen est indéfendable et que HUN Sen ne peut et ne pourra en aucun cas assurer la protection des intérêts chinois au Cambodge et dans la Région?
“Hun Sen was told by the Vietnamese very bluntly that he’d been in power too long and it was time to go,” the insider with close ties to senior figures in the premier’s ruling Cambodia People’s Party (CPP), which is believed to be divided over his tactics to sideline the main opposition party, told Asia Times.