Author Archives: CI

#géopolitique : Tension croissante entre le #Vietnam et le #Cambodge

Des signes qui ne trompent pas : Un Article de VoA à lire.

1 – Conflits frontaliers maritimes et terrestres.

2 – L’asservissement du Cambodge à la Chine dans le contexte du Conflit en mer de Chine du Sud.

3 – Le Vietnam a peur d’un encerclement par la Chine au travers de sa politique Belt and Road Initiative de plus en plus visible au Laos et au Cambodge.

Border Spat Shows Cambodia-Vietnam Relations Tested, while Chinese Influence Grows

FILE - Cambodia's Prime Minister Hun Sen and his Vietnamese counterpart Nguyen Xuan Phuc attend a news conference in Hanoi, Vietnam December 7, 2018. (REUTERS/Kham)

China Pledges $10 Billion in Support to Cambodia as Relations With West Deteriorate

24 Jan 2019

L’économie chinoise est en crise. La crise en #Chine est comparable à celle de 1929 !

« L’économie chinoise est en crise » : l’article à lire absolument !

Baisse des marchés financiers, faillites d’entreprises, emprunts non remboursés… pour Xiang Songzuo, économiste à l’Université du peuple, à Pékin, la Chine connaît un « ralentissement très fort ».

Peut-on comparer cette situation à la crise de 1929 ?

Si vous regardez les performances des marchés boursiers, c’est comparable. Dans les dix ans qui ont suivi 1929, Wall Street a baissé des deux tiers. Ces dix dernières années, les actions chinoises ont aussi baissé de 70 % en moyenne, voire plus.

Affichage des cotations dans une maison de courtage à Pékin, le 3 janvier.

La Chine s’essouffle et inquiète le monde

 

La croissance du PIB chinois au T4 au plus bas depuis 2009

21 Jan 2019

#Cambodge : HUN Sen recourt à l’intimidation et aux menaces vis à vis de l’ #UE

Cambodian PM warns of ‘dead’ opposition if EU withdraws preferences

If you want the opposition dead, just cut it,” Hun Sen said in a speech at the inauguration of a ring road around the capital, Phnom Penh, addressing the European Union and referring to Cambodia’s EBA status.

If you want the opposition alive, don’t do it and come and hold talks together,” he said.

Cambodia’s Hun Sen marks 34 years in power with opposition threat

You should understand the price that you would pay,” Hun Sen said, adding “sanctions on Cambodia means killing the opposition party” as well as pulling all leverage for democracy and human rights.

 

14 Jan 2019

HUN Sen, sous la prise de sanctions imminente, accuse l’UE de prendre le #Cambodge en otage !

HUN Sen sent venir les sanctions imminentes

de l’UE et des Etats-Unis !

Après avoir usurpé le pouvoir depuis toujours, détruit la Démocratie, violé les Droits de l’Homme et pris le Peuple Cambodgien en otage, HUN Sen accuse l’UE de prendre elle-même le Cambodge en otage.

Les Etats-Unis de concert avec l’UE vont prendre des mesures de sanctions sur les importations de Vêtements et Chaussures fabriqués par des sociétés chinoises implantées au Cambodge. 

 

Taxes douanières au Cambodge: Hun Sen accuse l’UE de prendre son pays «en otage»

Le principal parti d’opposition a été dissous et son dirigeant emprisonné avant les élections générales de juillet dernier, où le régime de Hun Sen a raflé tous les sièges au Parlement, faisant du Cambodge un pays au parti unique.

 

Cambodge: Hun Sen accuse l’UE de prendre son pays “en otage” avec la menace de taxes douanières

 

Cambodia PM says EU holding country ‘hostage’ with tariff threats

 

US Follows EU in Reviewing Cambodia’s Preferential Trade Treatment in Light of Alleged Abuses

Phoenix prosecutor Rachel Mitchell questions Christine Blasey Ford as Senators, from left, Sen. Ben Sasse, R-Neb., Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, Sen. Mike Lee, R-Utah., and Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, listen during the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing, Thursday, Sept. 27, 2018.

#Cambodge : Attaques frontales de HUN Sen contre “la Démocratie et les Droits de l’Homme”

 

Italy Wins Three-Year EU Tariffs on Rice From Cambodia, Myanmar

 

សហភាព​អឺរ៉ុប​នឹង​ដាក់​ពន្ធ​លើ​អង្ករ​ពី​កម្ពុជា​និង​មីយ៉ាន់ម៉ា​រយៈពេល៣ឆ្នាំ​ ​ដោយ​ចាប់​ផ្តើមនៅ​ថ្ងៃសុក្រ​​

 

US Senators Turn to Trade Sanctions to ‘Restore Cambodian Democracy’

13 Jan 2019

#Vœux2019 : Cambodge Info vous souhaite une excellente année 2019

vishnu

សន្តិភាពនិងសុភមង្គលសម្រាប់ប្រជាពលរដ្ធខ្មែរ

ទាំងមូល អាចមានបានលុះត្រាតែយើងរក្សាឯកភាពជាតិអោយបានរឹងមាំ

ហើយធារនារការពារសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស និងគោរពនីតិរដ្ធអោយបានពេញលេញ។

យើងប្ដេជ្ញាស្ថាបនាគ្រឹះលិទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ

សំរាប់ស្រុកខ្មែរអោយបានរឹងមាំតទៅទៀត​។

ក្នុងឱកាសចូលឆ្នាំសាកល ២០១៩

សូមលោក លោកស្រីទទូលនូវ

សេចក្ដីសុខ សេចក្ដីចម្រើន កុំបីឃ្លៀងឃ្លាតឡើយ។

 

យើងកុំភ្លេចលោកកឹម សុខា

ដែលគេបានដាក់គុកយ៉ាងអយុត្តិធម៌ជាង១៥ខែហើយ។

*

Only Cambodia as a united nation

respectful of Human Rights and the Rule of Law

can bring peace and happiness to the People of Cambodia.

Together we resolute to consolidate

the foundations of democracy in Cambodia !

 

Remembering KEM Sokha

who has been unjustly imprisoned for more than 15 months !

We wish you all a Prosperous and Happy New Year 2019 !

 

*

Seul le Cambodge en tant que nation unie

respectueuse des Droits de l’Homme et de l’Etat de Droit

peut apporter la paix et le bonheur au Peuple du Cambodge.

Ensemble nous continuons à consolider

les fondations de la démocratie au Cambodge !

Nous vous souhaitons une Bonne et Heureuse Année 2019 !

Sans oublier KEM Sokha

injustement emprisonné depuis plus de 15 mois !

Le chef de l’opposition Kem Sokha le 28 mai 2017 durant une interview au Cambodge.

31 Dec 2018

#Résolutions2019 : En 2019, faisons l’ “Amour” mais pas de “Conneries” !

Faisons l’ “Amour” mais pas de “Conneries”

On a besoin de faire l’ “amour”,

tous les jours , deux fois par jour,

matin et soir,

sur le bateau, dans l’avion ou à vélo.

*

On a besoin de faire l’ “amour”,

tout seul, à deux ou à plusieurs,

sans prescriptions médicales,

ni recommandations de ces Politicards.

*

On est “beau, libre et assidu”,

pour faire l’amour deux fois par jour,

pour mieux sauver notre amour,

malmené par leurs “Conneries” (en 2018).

*

Les Dictateurs, insensibles à l’ “Amour”,

leurs femmes encore plus,

avec assiduité, ils comptent les dollars,

tous les jours, deux fois par jour, matin et soir.

31 Dec 2018

#Cambodge : Attaques frontales de HUN Sen contre “la Démocratie et les Droits de l’Homme”

A quand l’isolation complète du Cambodge du reste du Monde ?

HUN Sen n’a d’autre choix que de poursuivre sa dictature au nez et à la barbe de la communauté internationale.

Les sanctions occidentales, de l’Union Européenne et des Etats-Unis, ne lui feront pas peur ! Il trouvera toujours la parade pour esquiver ces menaces.

Les accords de Paix de Paris signés il y a 27 ans avaient pour objectif de maintenir le Cambodge dans la Communauté internationale où la Démocratie et les Droits de l’Homme sont respectés.

 

Le Peuple du Cambodge ne l’entendra pas ainsi ! 

Cambodia strongman Hun Sen derides ‘democracy’ in fiery speech

29 Dec 2018

#EU Prepares to Withdraw #Cambodia From Trade Scheme

L’EU prépare le retrait

de la clause préférentielle EBA

pour le Cambodge !

Et le Cambodge est prêt à accepter de payer les taxes induites par ce retrait : 

“We are ready for the tax increase,”Phay Siphan, government spokesman.

 

George Edgar, EU ambassador, said in an email on Tuesday that starting the procedure for removing Cambodia from the Everything But Arms (EBA) scheme reflected the concerns in Brussels over the deterioration of human rights and basic freedoms.

“The formal withdrawal procedure for the Everything But Arms arrangement in relation to Cambodia has not yet launched. Preparations are being made for the formal decision by the European Commission that would launch the procedure,” he wrote in an email.

EU Prepares to Withdraw Cambodia From Trade Scheme

FILE: Prime Minister Hun Sen, center, leans over a garment worker during a visit to a factory outside of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Aug. 30, 2017.

16 Nov 2018

#Cambodge : Anniversaire de la dissolution du parti CNRP par HUN Sen !

16 Nov 2018

Le #Cambodge au centre d’une nouvelle guerre froide : un article à lire !

Cambodia at the center of a new Cold War

Cambodia-Koh Kong-C4ADS

មន្ត្រី​កម្ពុជា​​ច្រានចោល​សេចក្តី​រាយការណ៍​ដែល​ចោទ​ថា​កម្ពុជា​​បើក​ផ្លូវ​ឲ្យ​សាងសង់​មូលដ្ឋាន​កងទ័ព​ជើង​ទឹក​ចិន​​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស

15 Nov 2018

Le bois des forêts du #Cambodge convoité : les forêts pleurent ! Un reportage du Point à lire !

Quand le Cambodge deviendra-il un désert ?

L’invention de HUN Sen d’une plaine désertique du Mékong !

Du Cambodge à l’Europe, les ravages du trafic de bois

07 Nov 2018

#Cambodge : 27ème commémoration des Accords de Paix de Paris sur le Cambodge

Le 23 Octobre 1991,

la France et l’Indonésie présidaient

la Conférence de Paix de Paris sur le Cambodge.

Un accord de paix a été signé par le Cambodge et

18 pays à Paris Avenue Kléber.

Liste des pays signataires :

L’Australie, le Brunei Darussalam, le Cambodge, le Canada, la République populaire de Chine, les Etats-Unis d’Amérique, la République française, la République de l’Inde, la République d’Indonésie, le Japon, la République démocratique populaire lao, la Malaisie, la République des Philippines, le Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d’Irlande du Nord, la République de Singapour, le Royaume de Thaïlande, l’Union des Républiques socialistes soviétiques et la République socialiste du Vietnam.

4 documents ont été ratifiés :

  1. 1 – Accord pour un règlement politique global du conflit du Cambodge (32 articles)

2 – Accord relatif à la souveraineté, l’indépendance, l’intégrité et l’inviolabilité territoriales, la neutralité et l’unité nationale du Cambodge (8 articles)

3 – Déclaration sur le relèvement et la reconstruction du Cambodge (13 clauses)

4 – Acte final de la Conférence de Paris sur le Cambodge (15 clauses)

 

Le Cambodge s’engage à :

  • Assurer le respect effectif des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales au Cambodge;

  • Soutenir le droit de tous les citoyens cambodgiens d’entreprendre des activités visant à promouvoir et protéger les droits de l’homme et les libertés fondamentales ;

  • Prendre des mesures efficaces pour assurer que ne soit jamais permis un retour à la politique et aux pratiques du passé;

  • Adhérer aux instruments internationaux pertinents relatifs aux droits de l’homme;

Les autres Parties au présent Accord s’engagent à :

Promouvoir et encourager au Cambodge le respect et l’exercice des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales formulés par les instruments internationaux pertinents, en vue, en particulier, d’empêcher que de nouvelles atteintes aux droits de l’homme se produisent.

La Commission des droits de l’homme des Nations Unies devrait continuer à surveiller étroitement la situation des droits de l’homme au Cambodge, y compris en désignant si nécessaire un rapporteur spécial qui ferait un rapport annuel à la Commission et à l’Assemblée générale.

 

Tenue d’élections libres et équitables

Ces accords prévoient un processus permanent de réconciliation nationale et un rôle accru pour l’Organisation des Nations Unies, permettant ainsi au peuple cambodgien de déterminer son propre avenir politique par le moyen d’élections libres et équitables.

 

#cambodge : 25ème commémoration des accords de paix de Paris

 

Why the West was doomed to fail in Cambodia

 

23 Oct 2018

27ème commémoration des Accords de Paix de Paris sur le #Cambodge : Manifestation et Séminaire

27ème commémoration des Accords

de Paix de Paris sur le Cambodge :

Manifestation et Séminaire

27ème commémoration des accords de paix de Paris kh

 

20 Oct 2018

#Cambodge #UE : Ce qu’a dit Mme Federica Mogherini à HUN Sen

La route vers

les inévitables sanctions économiques 

européennes contre le Régime de HUN Sen !

High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini holds bilateral meetings in the margins of the ASEM Summit

 

High Representative Mogherini met Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen in order to address the deterioration of democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law. She underlined the need for the Cambodian government to reverse the current negative political trend and work towards an inclusive solution, especially important in the Everything But Arms context. She assured the Prime Minister of the European Union’s commitment and willingness to engage positively in support of a democratic and stable Cambodia, for the benefit of the Cambodian people.

 

EU, Cambodia talks fail to end trade sanction threat -Mogherini

BRUSSELS, Oct 19 (Reuters) – Cambodia failed on Friday to reassure the European Union it will address democratic and human right issues that have put its trade preferences with the bloc at risk, EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said after a summit with Asian leaders.

Mogherini held talks with Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen in Brussels during the summit, but said she did not hear anything that would avoid trade sanctions threatened by the European Union.

“We discussed this, I cannot say that we found solutions to any of these issues,” Mogherini told a news conference. 

19 Oct 2018

EU plays hardball with Cambodian hardman : un article à lire absolument !

EU officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, said Europe is already drafting the legislation needed to take away Cambodia’s duty-free trading privileges under the Everything But Arms program. A decision to withdraw Cambodia’s EBA status could be just months away and would not need any approval from member countries, they said.

We are approaching the end of the road with Cambodia when it comes to triggering the withdrawal procedure,” said an EU diplomat briefed on the matter. “If not, in the coming weeks the formal process will start. This is not an empty threat or us barking a bit louder.

EU plays hardball with Cambodian hardman

19 Oct 2018

Manifestation de la Communauté cambodgienne en Europe contre la présence de HUN Sen à Bruxelles

11 Oct 2018

#Cambodge #UE vient de déclencher la procédure de retrait des préférences #EBA dont a bénéficié le Régime de HUN Sen

រូបឯកសារ៖ លោកស្រី​ Cecilia Malmstrom ​រដ្ឋមន្ត្រី​ពាណិជ្ជកម្ម​របស់​សហភាព​អឺរ៉ុប​ថ្លែង​ក្នុង​សន្និសីទកាសែត​នៅទីក្រុងប្រ៊ុចសែល ប្រទេសបែលហ្សិក កាលពីថ្ងៃទី៧ ខែមីនា ឆ្នាំ២០១៨។​ (រូបថត Reuters)

I’m in beautiful Innsbruck, Austria, where we have had an informal Ministerial meeting today. The way forward as regards the much-needed reform of the World Trade Organisation was high on our agenda, as was our trade relationship with the United States.

But on a different topic, one that was mentioned at the press conference here today but worth outlining a bit more in detail – the EU’s response to the human rights situation in Myanmar and Cambodia, respectively.

In Myanmar, we have seen a deeply worrying and worsening situation for the Rohingya minority. A recent report from a United Nations fact-finding mission calls for the prosecution of top military leaders for genocide and crimes against humanity. The report describes indiscriminate killings, widespread rape by the military, assaulting of children, and the burning down of entire villages. The country’s leadership has repeatedly disregarded calls from the EU and the international community to put a stop to this.

In Cambodia, meanwhile, we are seeing very troubling developments with a clear deterioration of human rights and labour rights, without convincing improvements in sight. Our recent EU mission to the country demonstrated serious and systemic violations of, for instance, freedom of expression, labour rights and freedom of association. This comes on top of longstanding issues as regards workers’ rights and land-grabbing.

Both Cambodia and Myanmar benefit from the Everything But Arms arrangement, or EBA, which guarantees completely tariff-free access to the European market for all exports except for weapons and ammunition. However, this access is not without conditions. It comes with a responsibility to uphold and respect the values enshrined in 15 fundamental conventions of the United Nations and the International Labour Organisation.

As I have underlined many times as Commissioner for Trade, our EU trade policy must be led by our values. Accordingly, when we are faced with blatant disregard for those values, the EU must act.

Therefore, the European Commission and the European External Action Service will notify the Myanmar authorities of our intention to send an emergency, high-level EU mission to the country in the coming days to assess the situation on the ground. This high-level mission is within the framework of a potential withdrawal of Myanmar from the Everything But Arms arrangement. There is a clear possibility that a withdrawal could be the outcome.

With Cambodia, we are a step further in the process. Many of the issues here date back several years, and in some cases the country has gone backwards. The elections in July of this year – coming after our EU mission to the country – were marked by harassment and intimidation, as well as severe restrictions when it comes to essential political rights. Today, High Representative Federica Mogherini and I have therefore notified Cambodia that we are launching the process for the withdrawal of their Everything But Arms preferences. Without clear and evident improvements on the ground, this will lead to the suspending of the trade preferences that they currently enjoy.

Needless to say, we will keep our channels of dialogue with both countries open. There will be space for negotiation and dialogue with both countries throughout this process, and we will also keep EU Member States informed of the next steps.

We are not yet at the cliff edge and there is still time for Cambodia and Myanmar to draw themselves back from the brink. However, the consequences of the course that these countries are on are now clearly in sight.

 

សហភាព​អឺរ៉ុប​​ដំណើរការ​ដាក់​ទណ្ឌកម្ម​ពាណិជ្ជកម្ម​លើ​កម្ពុជា

 

EU to hit Cambodia with trade sanctions, says Myanmar may follow

 

Cambodia to Lose Preferential Trade Status With EU Amid Worsening Rights Record

06 Oct 2018

#France : L’appel des Cambodgiens à Emmanuel Macron

L’appel des Cambodgiens à Emmanuel Macron

Hun Sen, le 13 septembre dernier à Hanoi, au Vietnam.

17 Sep 2018

Resolution adopted by European Parliament on #Cambodia, notably the case of Kem Sokha on 13 September 2018

P8_TA-PROV(2018)0346
European Parliament resolution

of 13 September 2018 on Cambodia,

notably the case of Kem Sokha (2018/2842(RSP)

 

Resolution 2018 2842(RSP)

14 Sep 2018

#Breaking #EPlenary debate on #Cambodia : L’UE est prête à prendre des mesures appropriées si la situation ne change pas @FedericaMog

Regarder le débat aujourd’hui au Parlement Européen sur le cas de KEM Sokha.

Speech by HR/VP Mogherini on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law – the situation in Cambodia

 

The last year has seen significant steps backwards for Cambodia’s fragile democracy: one-party rule, authoritarian tendencies that have gained more ground in the country, and the space for political opposition and civil society has not just shrunk, it has simply closed.

At the general election in July, following the enforced dissolution of the main opposition party [Cambodia National Rescue Party], the ruling party won all seats in the National Assembly.

The election took place in a highly restrictive environment and it was clearly not representative of the democratic will of the Cambodian citizens.

Last February, at the EU Foreign Affairs Council, we stressed that the Cambodian electoral process could not be considered legitimate, after the arbitrary exclusion of the main opposition party. So, we suspended the European Union’s financial assistance to the Cambodian National Election Committee and we declined to observe the July elections.

Over the last year, the legal system has increasingly been used by the authorities in the country to suppress critical voices, not only from the opposition but also from civil society and the media.

At the Foreign Affairs Council in February, we stated that it may consider specific targeted measures if the situation had not improved. So, the situation has not improved and we are now considering the possibility of further measures that as you know, would require the Council to take a unanimous decision.

We also recalled that respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including labour rights, is essential for maintaining EU trade preferences.

For this reason, we sent already in July a Fact-Finding Mission to Cambodia to evaluate the situation on the ground. Decisions on any further steps will be based on the information gathered during this mission.

The European Union has been working with and for the people of Cambodia since the end of the war. At first we helped to rebuild the country, we helped clear it from landmines, and restart fundamental economic activities. Today we support job creation and vocational training.

We would like this partnership to continue, in order to continue to benefit the people of Cambodia; but it is clear that Cambodian government has to reverse the current trend, otherwise this would not be possible.

The recent release on bail of opposition leader Kem Sokha is a positive first step, even though he was released under very restrictive conditions. We now expect the dropping of all charges and the removal of all restrictions placed upon him and we invite the Prime Minister [of Cambodia] and the leader of the opposition to start a dialogue on the way forward.

We urge the Cambodian authorities to drop all remaining politically-motivated charges against activists, and lift the ban on political activity of 118 senior opposition members. Local councillors from the opposition who were elected in June last year should be reinstated.

We also call on the Cambodian government to guarantee the safe return of all exiled opposition politicians, civil society activists and human rights defenders who have fled the country to avoid arrest.

The laws and regulations that have been used to restrict opposition and civil society must be reviewed and amended.

In the 1991 Paris Peace Accords, the Cambodian government had agreed to a legally binding obligation to maintain a pluralistic and democratic system. We now expect Cambodian authorities to restore free political debate and competition, and to respect the space for a free and independent civil society.

If we continue to see this negative trend without any changes – as I said – we are ready, in the Council, to take appropriate measures.

Thank you.

 

 

Communiqué de Presse du PE

Cambodia must drop all charges against opposition politician Kem Sokha

Following widespread and systematic repression of the political opposition and electoral rights in Cambodia, the European Parliament urges its government to put an end to all forms of harassment and politically-motivated charges and rulings against politicians, human rights defenders, trade unionists, civil society activists and journalists. Parliament also expresses its serious concerns over the conduct and results of the 2018 elections, which failed to produce a credible process, and underlines that this electoral procedure cannot be considered free and fair.

MEPs demand that the Cambodian authorities drop all charges against prominent opposition leader Kem Sokha, and call for his immediate and full release from house arrest. This also goes for all other politicians, including Sam Rainsy, who have been charged, detained or imprisoned for the same reasons.

Parliament also asks the European External Action Service and the European Commission to compile a list of individuals responsible for the dissolution of the Cambodian opposition and other serious human rights violations in the country, with the aim of imposing possible visa restrictions and asset freezes on them.

The resolution was approved by a show of hands.

 

Tous les intervenants ont demandé des actions concrètes contre le Régime de HUN Sen.

L’UE est prête à prendre des mesures appropriées si la situation ne change pas  a conclu Mme Federica Mogherini en fin de débat.

Des sanctions seront donc prises contre le régime de HUN Sen.

13 Sep 2018